The primary objective of the Project is to develop typical protection and monitoring measures at equipment level and at working procedures level. Long term observation of overall buildings will develop a database which can be a valuable resource for both researchers and practical users.
European cities, especially in developing countries are affected by rapid process of urban areas requalification. For example in Upper Silesia region, this is a large scale process without any precedent in contemporary history of the Polish urban thought. The immense scope of transport investment in the existing, frequently historic urban area exposes existing and often valuable structures to new short and long-term impacts. The impacts are related to e.g. earthworks and tunneling works, as well as demolitions and foundation works (piling) in close neighborhood to buildings including valuable historic buildings, traffic impact.
Due to mining history and present nature of the region (some mines established over 100 years ago are still functioning) in many locations problems related to paraseismic mining and post mining impacts are encountered. Visible changes of weather in last decades bring strong unexpected winds and floods. In many European countries the problem of earthquakes is brutally reminded by nature. All those impacts are a serious threat to the existing buildings and in consequence ? to people using them. Great majority of the existing buildings erected using traditional methods will require or already require temporary or permanent protection for the new impacts. Traditional methods to protect a structure that rely on stiff elements often result in damage to valuable historic substance (structural and sometimes very precious fittings, frescos etc) and that is inconsistent with Athens and Venice Charters. Conservation and restoration experts encouraged by successful comprehensive historic building preservation projects implemented in Italy (e.g. Basilica in Assisi), Greece, Switzerland and other countries promote conscious use of comprehensive system of protection involving modern technologies of FRP, TMR and SRP. Those strengthening systems rely on high performance fibers. Experience in other areas of industry (e.g. textiles) indicate that some of strengthening fibers may also be monitoring sensors. First tests of such monitoring were also conducted in engineering. Thus, there is a realistic chance to set up a complementary system of protection to buildings wherein protection elements could become part of monitoring to structure status. The nature of new impacts on buildings, which are often very old and very bad condition, require permanent monitoring of structure performance. Many of historic buildings contain precious items of furnishing and complementary and comprehensive monitoring of many features is required (e.g. temperature, moisture content, etc.).
Due to the specifics of the agglomeration, complex impact on historic post industrial buildings, developing adequate procedures and configuration of protection systems and coupled monitoring systems is required.